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     .      .  . Dagestan carpets


20 2010.


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    SOME HISTORY
    Art of carpet-making as a traditional peoples craft is being developed and goes back to ancient centuries passing the secrets of skill from generation to generation, from mother to daughter perfecting the design and composition by introducing new ideas. Carpet-making is one of the most popular handicrafts which got the most favourable conditions for its development during 20-30s of this century, when on the basis of unification of home crafts-women working alone there were created more than ten artels in Khalag, Ushnig, Kandyk, Mejgul, Lyakhlya, Chere, Chilikar, Turag, Arkit, Khuchni, Mikrakh, Rukel, Kabir and Ortostal settlements and the surrounding villages. They have a very high stability and durability. The average time period of an exploitation of the carpets is about 250-300 years. Daghestan hand-made carpets have national character, are very much valued as family relic and treasure. They are firm, durable and havy inimitable colour, composition and design. Carpets as the works of eternally young and unique art have preserved the traditions and technology of the old past till today. They are widely used to decorate the interior of the houses and social places, they well harmonize with any furniture. The main design on the Daghestan carpets consists of geometric ornament symbolizing silhouetess of animals, birds and vegetation of the surrounding  life and nature with typical combination of warm and cold contoured colours giving the design expressiveness and delicacy. Nowadays carpets with different kinds of pictures, portraits, landscapes, monuments, hidtorical personalities, and transfered photos are bein made. They produce carpets without a pile and the ones with embossed images. The unique nature of the carpets require good qualification, exquisite taste, individual skill, great patience and hard work and assiduity, because they are made in sedentary posture. Many experienced masters can perform their work without a technical scheme of design having it in their memory. A good carpet-maker very keenly, hardly touching the threads of yarn can perform about 7-8 thousand knots a day, spending only 2 seconds on each. Depending on use each carpet has its own structure, design and colouring. Daghestan carpets are exhibited in the museum of New York, Paris, Montreal, Osaka, Milan, Tokyo, Izmir and many other places. In there quality Daghestan carpets are not worse than the best wored samples. They are constantly exhibited at international and home fairs and shows and were awarded honour diplomas and gold medals at the international exhibition in Brussels (Belgium, 1958), Leipzig exhibition-fair (Germany, 1967). The carpets are included in the world catalogue under the names Tabasaran, Derbent, Akhty, Mikrakh. From ending of August to the beginning of September in 2000 year in Russian Exhibition Centre has passed Russian Festival of economic and cultural cooperation "Moscow and Russian regions 2000".

    In this festival Daghestan handicraft carpets with their magnificence and beauty has been fascinate Russian peoples. And Daghestan carpets have received a gold medal in nomination "National Trades and artistic goods" in competition "Best goods of the Russia 2000".

    2000 year the daghestan carpets win in section Handmade carpets and carpets manufacture on Russian Competition 100 best Russian goods, what are organized Russian State Standard, The Quality Problems Academy and Information Agency Standards and Qualities.

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